The core of our community is to investigate inter-organizational relationships. We aim to contribute to this research topic through four perspectives: Coopetition, Ecosystems, Networks, and Alliances. We also welcome studies that go beyond these four perspectives and that cross and combine them.
Coopetition focuses on inter-organizational relationships that simultaneously combine cooperation and competition. Brandenburger and Nalebuff have introduced the concept of coopetition in 1996. Researchers focus their attention on antecedents, characteristics, management, and implications of coopetition strategies.
Ecosystems study dynamic structures in which populations of organizations are interconnected. Building on Moore (1996), ecosystem appears as a configuration to investigate power relationships between a large sample of stakeholders: large and small companies – and different types of relationships among them (collaboration vs competition; vertical, horizontal or mixed). Co-evolution, complexity, adaptation and organization of ecosystems represent key research topics.
Networks aim to analyze the structures and the ties between different actors. The analysis of the structures also involves information systems and virtual network while the analysis of the ties between different actors could also be connected with coopetition and alliances. Granovetter (1973) and Burt (1992) introduced the Social Network Analysis.
Strategic alliances study agreements between companies to achieve a common objective . Scholars tried to explain the emergence of these strategies mainly from a resource-based perspective, using path-dependence theory or transaction cost theory. A specific attention has been paid to antecedents, the different types of alliances and more recently to alliance portfolio management.